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The port-cities of the eastern coast of the Black Sea. Form the Azov to the Caucasus, late 18th – early 20th centuries

Gelina Harlaftis, Victoria Konstantinova and Igor Lyman (eds)

Gelina Harlaftis, Victoria Konstantinova and Igor Lyman (eds), The port-cities of the eastern coast of the Black Sea. Form the Azov to the Caucasus, late 18th – early 20th centuries,  late 18th – early 20th centuries, Black Sea History Project Working Papers, volume 3

By the beginning of the 20th century the eastern coast of the Black Sea was among the main grain and oil producing areas of the world. The formation of the transport systems led to the Black Sea ports as gateways of grain and oil. This was an incredible achievement of a combination of river, land and sea port transport system that served a vast and sparsely populated hinterland that connected it to the global markets. This area was a frontier zone and market of an expanding Russian Empire . From 1860s to 1913 Russia remained the world’s largest grain producer and ranked as the fifth largest industrial power. Contrary to nation-centred analyses, this book focuses in the maritime region of the eastern Black Sea and on the formation of the transport systems that connected the hinterland with the foreland through port cities that became export gateways of the region. The analysis unfolds from the shipping and trade of Kerch, Berdyansk, Taganrog, Novorossisk and Batoum and brings out the story of the formation of development of the port cities to the hinterland and foreland along with the entrepreneurial communities of Greeks and Armenians that handled much of the export trade of the area.


1.As an introduction: Dynamic change of port cities, maritime transport systems and the globalisation process of the Black Sea in the nineteenth century, Gelina Harlaftis


2. The ports between the hinterland and foreland: the transport system of the maritime region of the eastern coast of the Black Sea, Gelina Harlaftis and Anna Sydorenko

3. The Volga-Don Road to the Black Sea: evolution and reality of the XIX century, Nailya Tagirova

4. Controlling the straits: The development of the port of Kerch, Anna Sydorenko

5. Fisheries of the Eastern Coast of the Azov Sea in the Late 18th– 19 cc. – Organization, Infrastructure and Everyday Life, Alexey Kraykovskyi

6. Голоценовая история Азовского моря и Приазовья [Holocene history of the Azov Sea and the area of Azov], Gennady Matishov


7. From the Azov to Batoum: evolution of the port-cities in the Russian frontier land.

Politics and Administration, Viktoria Konstantinova and Igor Lyman

8. The great plans for developing Berdyansk - Igor Lyman and Viktoria Konstantinova

9. Этнический фактор в экономическом развитии Мариуполя

(конец ХVІІІ – начало ХХ вв.) [The ethnic factor and the economic development of Mariupol (end of 18th c.–beginning of the 20th century)], Svitlana Novikova and Vera Volonyts

10. Экономическое и социальное развитие городов-портов северного

Черноморского побережья в конце 18-го – начале 20-го столетий [Ethnic Processes in Mariupol and Russia's Imperial Migration Policy. (19th – Early 20th Centuries)], Irina Ponomariova

11. Taganrog: the "Greek kingdom" in the Cossack lands, Evrydiki Sifneos and Gelina Harlaftis

12. Армянское купечество Нахичевани-на-Дону и его роль в развитии торговли в Азово-Черноморском регионе, [Armenian merchants in the Nahichevan-on-Don and their role in the commercial development of the Azov-Black Sea region], Sarkis Kazarov

13. Rostov: the growth of the city-port of the Don and the Azov, first half of the 19th century, Marianna Abdulaeva

14. Ростов-на-дону во второй половине xix– начале xx века: динамика и особенности экономического развития [Rostov-on –Don in the Second Half of the 19th – early 20th century: Dynamics and Specificities of the Socio-Economic Development], Natalia Samarina

15. История создания и этапы развития города новороссийска [The development of Novorossisk] - Olga Popova

16. Oil and Soil: the role of Batoum’s economic development in shaping of geopolitical significance of the Caucasus, Eka Tchkoidze